View Full Version : parameters passed to a call

The Keeper
February 26th, 2002, 02:08

suppose i have

push ecx
push eax
call 404444

then ecx and eax are parameters passed to this call right ?

in this example :

lea eax, [ebp-24h]
push eax
lea ecx, [ebp-0Ch]
lea edx, [ebp-6Dh]
lea eax, [ebp-14h]
call 404444

what are the params passed to the call ?

is there a way to easily recognize how many and which are the parameters passed to a call ?

The Keeper

February 26th, 2002, 21:11
Originally posted by ArthaXerXes
Microsoft Specific


The following calling conventions are supported by the Visual C/C++ compiler.

Keyword Stack cleanup Parameter passing
__cdecl Caller Pushes parameters on the stack, in reverse order (right to left)
__stdcall Callee Pushes parameters on the stack, in reverse order (right to left)
__fastcall Callee Stored in registers, then pushed on stack
(not a keyword) Callee Pushed on stack; this pointer stored in ECX

I thought I'd just clarify this -
__cdecl : caller pushes args _and_ caller cleans up stack after call.

__stdcall : caller pushes args, but callee cleans up stack

its the way in which the stack is cleaned up that is the fundemental difference between the two.


February 27th, 2002, 07:53
Hi there !

im not that much into pushing and popping.
Isnt it a good idea to have a look in the call itself to find out if it has been a fastcall (parameters moved to registers) or a standardcall (only eax has been pushed in his example).
Tell me if im totally wrong :]


February 28th, 2002, 09:03
If u really want to know which are the args to the function, u could
check which regs get used whinin the call...

This would be a definitive way of telling which regs hold arguments and
which hold temp values not destined to be used by the caller.


March 7th, 2002, 12:22
only the eax seems to be the param... it is being pushed on to stack before the call - that's a pointer to whatever's at ebp-24h... the others r just lea's into regs... unless the params r passed through registers... virtually unknown except old dos interrupts.
btw... the ebp-24 will be the address passed not ebp-14